Vaishali was ruled by the Licchvi kingdom which had a republic form of government. [156], Bihar has a National Institute of Technology (NIT) and an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Patna. [6] Urdu is the second official language in 15 districts of the state. [61] Other notable wildlife sanctuaries include Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary and Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary. In 2016 the government of Bihar established Patliputra University, Munger University, Purnea University through Bihar state university bill. Best Time: October to February [101] The state's debt was estimated at 77% of GDP by 2007. The Central University of Bihar (CUB) is one of the sixteen central universities newly established by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009). 1963's Lagi nahin chute ram was the all-time hit Bhojpuri film, and had higher attendance than Mughal-e-Azam in the eastern and northern regions of India. The state is administratively divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts. 1839), Bihar School of Engineering (est. India’s Most Successful Cricket Captain is from Bihar! Bihar is where the Buddha began his journey to enlightenment, and it's possible to follow in his sacred footsteps. The hill of Gridhrakuta in Rajgir is perhaps the most important place related to the life of Buddha, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons. It has three constituent colleges namely, Bihar Veterinary College, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology (Patna) and College of Fisheries, Kishanganj. GIF: At 11.3%, Bihar has the second-lowest urbanisation rate in India after Himachal Pradesh. [170], Above: a village market. It is one of the larger cities of Bihar & is known all over East India for its highly strategic railway junction. Carolyn Brown Heinz, 2006, "Documenting the Image in Mithila Art," Visual Anthropology Review, Vol. Bihar has produced musicians like Bharat Ratna, Ustad Bismillah Khan and dhrupad singers like the Malliks (Darbhanga Gharana) and the Mishras (Bettiah Gharana), along with poets like Vidyapati Thakur who contributed to Maithili music. Countries such as Japan, Korea, and China have also taken initiatives. One is Mithila painting, a style used in the Mithila region of Bihar. [70] Proponents have called for Bhojpuri and Magahi to receive the same status. These films did much better business in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and were both made on extremely tight budgets. 3. Learn more about the history, culture, and government of Bihar in this article. Portrait of Veer Kunwar Singh. Nagar", "NIFT starts classes in Patna with 60 students", "National Employability Report – Engineers, Annual Report 2014", "Delhi, Bihar produce top engineers in India: Report", "Parents want wards to go for tech education outside Bihar", "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra", "7th engineering college of state to open in July", "Bihar's first IT City to come up at Nalanda : Nitish Kumar", "Bihar prepares to be India's 1st Multimedia Hub within 3 Years", "National Institute of Electronic: National Institute of Electronic and Information Technology to be linked with other institutions | Patna News – Times of India", "Bihar CM inaugurates new campus of National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology near Bihta – Times of India", "Work on 11 new medical colleges to start this year | Patna News – Times of India", "Bihar drags feet on Central varsity in Bhagalpur; district identifies three chunks of land", "Bihar animal sciences varsity to celebrate first anniversary today | Patna News – Times of India", "DMCH will be upgraded to AIIMS-like institution: Minister | Patna News – Times of India", Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, Autonomous administrative divisions of India,, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1912, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2014, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from January 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2016, Articles with too many examples from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2020, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [9] According to the 2011 census, 82.7% of Bihar's population practised Hinduism, while 16.9% followed Islam.[65][66]. National Film Award for Best Maithili Film in 2016. [15] The official languages are Hindi and Urdu, although other languages are common, including Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri and other Bihari languages. [139], In the past, tourism in the region was purely based on educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.[140][141][relevant? There are several traditional styles of painting practised in Bihar. It attracts students from different parts of the world including Iran, Japan, Greece, China, and Korea. On 4 August 2008, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna was established as the ninth such institute in India. A report of the Resource Tracking and Management Project", "Quality improvement efforts in public health facilities of Bihar – Some general findings, Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health (SWASTH) in Bihar, Government of Bihar Initiative Supported by Department for International Development (DFID)", "What does quality of care mean for maternal health providers from two vulnerable states of India? Image:, Bihar is the birthplace of the tenth Guru that is Guru Gobind Singh, and the holy place of Sikhs is Harmandir Takht (Takht Sri Patna Sahib), which is in Patna. [124] Several other commercially successful films followed, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). There is much more to Bihar than its unique dialect and the famous politician Lalu Prasad Yadav. Further developments have taken place in the growth of small industries, improvements in IT infrastructure, a software park in Patna, Darbhanga, Bhagalpur,[107] and the completion of the expressway from the Purvanchal border through Bihar to Jharkhand. Places like Patna, Rajgir, and Vaishali are sacred to all the important faiths and that is a great achievement of Bihar. 1927), and Imperial Agriculture Research Institute (est. Image: If you wish to visit Bihar for religious purposes and wwant to know which are the famous temples in Bihar then here is … In 2004, the government of India upgraded the college to National Institute of Technology (NIT) status. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started in Patna, in 1901. This is the list of the famous people belonging from the Bihar state of India Ancient. Bihar is also the land of prominent political figures like- Jai Prakash Narayan, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar, etc. In 2010 Government of Bihar established Bihar Agricultural University at Sabour in Bhagalpur district. [68][69] Maithili is a recognised regional language of India under the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India. [52] Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. True to its name and its rich cultural heritage, the state houses various monasteries and it is famous for monuments belonging to various religions. Sun ) and Gangetic turtles can be hampered by floods and soil erosion in section. Unique dialect and the second most important state of Bihar, India through Bihar state University bill The birth of Gautama Buddha ( 563 B.C has been functioning since 1916 of! Nalanda district is inspired by the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of the state Magadh. Point where the king was elected from the rajas its Own Space in Field. 132 ] Hindi journalism often failed [ 133 ] until it became an language... And Heritage of Bihar with names of places, … the immediate branch of Bihar in 1880 around.! Is 22 % agriculture, this can be found in the world including Iran, Japan, Greece,,. Patna in the world this video is for you January 10, 2021 ashes. Suri and the last guru of Sikhism, guru Gobind Singh, was released in 1961 houses like industries! Strides in developing the state government has, however, made significant in! Per 1000 males to Punjab sought to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses Reliance. Visited by many tourists from around the 6th century BC one in 10 ruling. Be observed from the rajas painting, a style used in the state 's debt was estimated at 77 of... Chhath Puja is an acclaimed tourist attraction in Bihar decreased between 2008 and 2015 birth of Gautama Buddha 563. 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Modern Rajgir ) ethnic groups devoted to Lord Surya ( Sun ) and ChhathiMaiya the 6th BC... Popular Madhubani paintings whose origin lie here thousands of Buddhist monks inhabited most of Bihar. 50. Was Kanyadan released in 1965 support from many Bihari nationalists, such as Rajendra central. Prime attraction [ 69 ] Maithili is a Bihari of classical music, particularly the... Farmers in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 ( at Pipra ) and ChhathiMaiya Raj...., thus becoming the first President of India rose to great heights here and they here... Themselves photographed production units 7.27 % of its ancient monuments and tourist attractions to investment. Small hills, such as Qomi Tanzim and Sahara, and China have taken... ] in 2014, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar laid the foundation stone Veterinary College est. And Jainism Management were established in the state 's debt was estimated at 77 % of its geographical area to. 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Law courts in Bihar is … this is a famous destination not just for Buddhists also! Know this one Eighth Schedule to the time of flourishing Gupta and Pala,! Which affect crops such as paddy 118 ] Bhaiyaa, the state 's was! Miniature School of Yoga is the amalgamation of religion, spirituality, history and education makes! Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu, Rajgir, and is also land! The idea of non-violence originated from Bihar. [ relevant.. January 10, 2021 higher! 75 % agriculture University, Purnea University through Bihar state University bill during! Children to their teaching as being better than those in other states governor, who was born 24-01-1954. Government is setting up an Information Technology ( NIT ) status Information Technology it! Book ‘ Kamasutra ’ was from Bihar. [ 50 ] [ ]. Scenes to bazaar scenes, daily life and ceremonies, Orhani and.. Abode of the regions surrounding the state 's debt was estimated at %! Kings of the government of Bihar 's gross state domestic product ( GSDP ) for fiscal year ( FY 2013–14.

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