From these references, we surmise that Mulek and his people landed near the civilization of the Jaredites, settling south of them. Jeremiah’s promises apparently fell on deaf ears, for Zedekiah continued to listen to his nationalistic friends. 21:16. Apparently, these men had traveled northward, but missed the land of Zarahemla. 6:10.) The Mulekites were initially introduced to the gospel under King Mosiah and then continued to be taught under his son, King Benjamin. Along with "as many as would hearken unto the voice of the Lord," Mulek escaped into the wilderness, traveled "across the great waters" to the Americas, and founded a new nation. In time the remnants of these two societies merged, but retained the Nephite designation. I don't know why it is so set in cement that Lehi, Mulekites, and Jaredites had to have traveled to Mesoamerica by way of the Pacific. The journey takes forty days. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mulek&oldid=996009269, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 01:21. (Mosiah 1:10; italics added.). Retribution followed swiftly. Zedekiah, the brother of Jehoiakim and the grandson of righteous King Josiah, was only twenty-one years old when he began his reign. Modern anthropological research tells us that the New World was already extensively populated when the Jaredites, Lehites, and Mulekites arrived. The Mulekites had in their possession a stone that told the story of Coriantumr, a survivor of the Jaredites who had encountered the Mulekites and lived among them until his death. Alma travels eight days to Helam, then twelve days to Zarahemla. Limhi sends forty-three explorers to find Zarahemla; instead, they find the destroyed Jaredite civilization and return with the twenty-four gold plates of Ether. The author highlights the stone workmanship, mummies, and metallurgy in Peru. ), Seeing the condition they were in, Mosiah set out to rectify the situation. The Route of the Mulekites We now turn our attention to another group of Jewish refugees who also made their way to America at about the same time as Lehi, the Mulekites. They then became amalgamated with the Nephites. Amaleki writes that Mulek, the son of Zedekiah and heir to the throne of David, came “out from Jerusalem at the time that Zedekiah, king of Judah, was carried away captive into Babylon.” (Omni 1:15.) Nevertheless, they had had many wars and serious contentions, and had fallen by the sword from time to time; and their language had become corrupted; and they had brought no records with them; and they denied the being of their Creator; and Mosiah, nor the people of Mosiah, could understand them.” (Omni 1:17. 216.) During this time, the language of the Mulekites had so changed that the people of Mosiah could not understand them. Author: Tanner, Morgan W. The Jaredites are a people described in the book of Ether (see Book of Mormon: Book of Ether) whose name derives from their first leader, Jared.The Jaredites date to the time of the "great tower" mentioned in the Old Testament (Gen. 11:1-9), which was built in or around Mesopotamia. And they departed out of the land into the wilderness, as many as would hearken unto the voice of the Lord; and they were led by many preachings and prophesyings. It is one of four groups (the others being the Nephites, the Lamanites, and the Jaredites) described in the Book of Mormon as having settled in the ancient Americas. Jehoiakim was left in power, but after three years he rebelled and was killed. The people were filled with the Holy Ghost and received a remission of their sins, took upon them the name of Christ, and covenanted to keep God’s commandments. ( Hel. This meeting had been prophesied of and divinely arranged. (See Ensign, Jan. 1987, p. One reason that readers of the Book of Mormon get confused about the Mulekites is that the name Mulekite is never used. The Jaredites & Mulekites were contemporaries for about 200 years until the Jaredite collapse. Relative geographical locations of the Jaredite, Mulekite, and Nephite/Lamanite civilizations. Prior to Alma’s arrival in Zarahemla, the Nephite people in Zarahemla wearied Mosiah with requests to send an expedition to find out what became of the people of Zeniff, for they had heard nothing from them. Even as early as 125 years before the captivity of Judah, the prophet Isaiah warned King Hezekiah: “Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried into Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the Lord. William Whiston, Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 1974, p. According to ancient Indian legends a people, which I believe were the Mulekites, came from the east. Mulek (/ˈmjuːlɛk/),[1] according to the Book of Mormon, was the only surviving son of Zedekiah, the last King of Judah, after the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem. The stone containing the story of Coriantumr and the Jaredites that was discovered by the Mulekites also placed the Jaredite civilization north of Zarahemla. Zedekiah listened to these ill-informed friends and attempted to rebel against Babylon in 588 B.C. The Mulekites are little referred to later, probably because they were amalgamated thoroughly into eclectic Nephite society (Mosiah 25:13). Perhaps under the circumstances of their escape there was no time to gather them—to return to the city would have meant death at the hands of the Babylonian army. Critics of the Book of Mormon argue that it contradicts the Bible when it states that one of King Zedekiah's sons (Mulek) escaped and came to the Americas. The Lord had plans for them to become a righteous nation, but instead, virtually their entire civilization was destroyed because of wickedness and secret combinations. The people of Zarahemla had come from the land of Jerusalem under the leadership of Mulek, the only surviving son of King Zedekiah. He began by causing that the people of Zarahemla be taught in his language, undoubtedly so they could be taught the word of God from the records. ), At first, one might ask, Why didn’t the Mulekites bring records, as the Nephites did? Without this brief record we would know little concerning the conversion of the Mulekites from an atheistic people into some of the most faithful Saints in the entire Book of Mormon. This situation agrees with a number of clues in the Book of Mormon that suggest these colonies quickly interacted with outsiders. The Jaredites are one of four peoples (along with the Nephites, Lamanites, and Mulekites) that the Latter-day Saints believe settled in ancient America. The Phoenician theory is also supported in a book written in 1871, by John Denison Baldwin, an American anthropologist. (Omni 1:14–15.) The scriptural account of the uniting of Mosiah’s group with the Mulekites, referred to as the people of Zarahemla, explicitly shows that their meeting was no coincidence. 1987, 60. Mosiah leads righteous Saints to Zarahemla. Amaleki says: “Behold, I will speak unto you somewhat concerning Mosiah, who was made king over the land of Zarahemla; for behold, he being warned of the Lord that he should flee out of the land of Nephi, and as many as would hearken unto the voice of the Lord should also depart out of the land with him, into the wilderness—, “And it came to pass that he did according as the Lord had commanded him. [18] The Lord has not fully revealed his purpose in leading this remnant, including a surviving heir to David’s throne, out of Jerusalem to be … From the stone, Mosiah learned of a man named Coriantumr and how his people, the Jaredites, were slain. This is the area called Pachacamac by present-day archaeologists and anthropologists, but in the day of the Mulekites, they called it Zarahemla, for the Lord did bring them “across the great waters, into the land where Mosiah discovered them; and … 6:10) and would later join with the Nephites, who discovered the Mulekites. Or perhaps there were few records available to take. The Lord has not fully revealed his purpose in leading this remnant, including a surviving heir to David’s throne, out of Jerusalem to be reunited with another chosen remnant, the Nephites. They then became amalgamated with the Nephites. Nephi stated that “in the commencement of the first year of the reign of Zedekiah, king of Judah, … there came many prophets, prophesying unto the people that they must repent, or the great city of Jerusalem must be destroyed.” (1 Ne. » Mulekites Evidence in North America | Wayne May. Before his death, King Benjamin sent a proclamation “throughout all this land among all this people, or the people of Zarahemla, and the people of Mosiah who dwell in the land” to be gathered together for him to speak to them. Although they lived in America during the same period as the Nephites and Lamanites, they did not encounter them until around 200 B.C. The army pursued them and captured them at the plains of Jericho. (See Mosiah 2:1–4.) The Mulekites did not migrate very far away from their original homeland in Zarahemla Omni 1:16. The chief city of the combined peoples was named after Zarahemla, a descendant of Mulek (Mosiah 25:2). The word Mulekite, after Mulek, is commonly used to refer to his group. (See Omni 1:20–21.) When Zedekiah saw them coming, he and his men of war fled out of the gate by the king’s garden and headed toward Jericho. The Book of Mormon states that after escaping from Judah, Mulek traveled to the Americas and established a civilization there. The Book of Mormon tells of three relatively small parties (the Jaredites, Lehites, and Mulekites) that left their native homeland in the Old World at different times and through divine guidance traveled to a new promised land, on the American continent. The Book of Mormon gives us some general proximities of the Mulekite, the Nephite-Lamanite, and the Jaredite civilizations (see figure 1): “Now the land south was called Lehi, and the land north was called Mulek.” (Hel. They were discovered by Mosiah (Omni 1:14) several centuries after their arrival. This would make the journey from the land of Nephi to the land of the Mulekites a total of twenty days. Even worse than the history is the theology of Mormonism, which directly contradicts the Bible in several areas. The over-zealous attempt of Zeniff and his followers to reestablish a colony in Nephi-Lehi, the land of their fathers, brought two more groups of righteous Saints to the Mulekites—one led by Alma and the other by King Limhi. 8:21.). And they were admonished continually by the word of God; and they were led by the power of his arm, through the wilderness, until they came down into the land which is called the land of Zarahemla.” (Omni 1:12–13; italics added. There they dwelt until a group of righteous Saints led by Mosiah traveled northward and, upon discovering them, joined their society. After many trials, the Lord delivered them, and they “traveled in the wilderness twelve days” until they arrived in the land of Zarahemla. The people of Mulek established their capital at Zarahemla, north of where Lehi and his people landed. (See Mosiah 7. ), Ammon and his companions then learned of another expedition of forty-three men sent by King Limhi that had just returned not many days before from a search for Zarahemla. However, as late as 51 B.C., a Lamanite affiliate who was a descendant of king Zarahemla attacked and gained brief control over the Nephite capital ( … This man was not new to the Mulekites, for they had found him, and he had lived with them for nine moons until he died. Thus, Coriantumr’s arrival among the Mulekites must have taken place at least a couple of generations, and probably many generations, before this combining of the Nephite and Mulekite nations. The Mulekites could have easily sailed up the river without encountering the Nephites or the Lamanites, who were several hundred miles east. 21:3–6.) Not knowing the route to take, the sixteen men, led by Ammon, wandered forty days until they arrived at the Land of Nephi. When taught the Nephite language, the Mulekites recounted their descent from Mulek, which was then recorded. It is claimed that Abraham Lincoln, who became America’s 16thPresident on this day in 1860, was a Melungeon; a person of European, African-American and Native American ancestry. Just prior to his death, Amaleki completed the Book of Omni by briefly recording the account of King Mosiah’s discovery of the people of Zarahemla—the Mulekites. Some come from the Appalachian region of the U.S. which spans over Canada and numerous states in the U.S. Like African-Americans, Melungeons also have a painful past in America – “have been maligned and denied t… ), With the exception of King Josiah, all of the kings following Hezekiah caused great wickedness in the kingdom of Judah. The Book of Mormon begins its story of the Mulekites where the Old Testament story of Zedekiah ends. Amaleki continues: “And they journeyed in the wilderness, and were brought by the hand of the Lord across the great waters, into the land where Mosiah discovered them; and they had dwelt there from that time forth.” (Omni 1:16; italics added.) The story of the Mulekites began in the days of Lehi and Jeremiah, prophets in Jerusalem at the time of the fall of the kingdom of Judah. After Alma began teaching and baptizing at the waters of Mormon, he and his followers were discovered by the servants of King Noah. J. Larson April 12, 2016. He then left Mattaniah, renamed Zedekiah, in charge and returned to Babylon. Thomas Stuart Ferguson lay in … "[7], The last surviving Jaredite, Coriantumr, encountered the Mulekites, "and he dwelt with them for the space of nine moons" before he died.[8]. Journeys to and from the land of the Mulekites also shown. 8:21.) For the most part, Nephite scribes are uninterested with the Mulekites… Wayne May shares his research into the most probable location of the Mulekite civilization in North America and the lost temple of Zarahemla in modern-day Iowa state. King Benjamin then delivered the message that he had received from an angel concerning the birth, mission, and atonement of Jesus Christ. These additions not only added strength to the Church in Zarahemla, but the circumstances of their journeying to Zarahemla may provide us with some information concerning the approximate distances between the Lamanite-Nephite, the Mulekite, and the Jaredite civilizations. (See Ether 13:20–21.). It has been accepted for inclusion in BYU Studies Quarterly by an authorized editor of BYU ScholarsArchive. The Nephites taught the Mulekites their language and united to become one people, appointing Mosiah to be their king. (See Omni 1:18; see also Mosiah 1:3–7. Then, being warned of the Lord, they “fled eight days’ journey into the wilderness” and established the community called Helam. They were discovered by Mosiah (Omni 1:14) several centuries after their arrival. • The Mulekites came to America from Jerusalem in 586 B.C. Today, the theory of transoceanic crossings to America is a hotly debated topic, and while the majority opinion still resides with the Beringia theory alone, more and more evidence points to transoceanic crossings. The “Mulekites” (a term never used in the Book of Mormon) are barely mentioned in the Nephite record. Very little information is really given about the Mulekites, who, by descent, outnumbered the Nephites. The tragic events leading up to the overthrow of King Zedekiah and the destruction of Jerusalem were foretold by many prophets. [2], According to the Book of Mormon, when Jerusalem was destroyed by Babylon, during the reign of Zedekiah, all of the sons of Zedekiah were killed except Mulek. ), Thus, the once spiritually benighted and degenerate society of the Mulekites became the ecclesiastical and political capital of the Nephites, at least until the time of Christ. Perhaps one of the most well-known stories in the Book of Mormon is that of the people of King Benjamin. Omni 1:15-16-Mosiah Discovered the Mulekites. According to the Book of Mormon, when Jerusalem was destroyed by Babylon, during the reign of Zedekiah, all of the sons of Zedekiah were killed except Mulek. It had been almost four centuries since the Mulekites had left Jerusalem until the people of Mosiah discovered them. In fact, it indicates that it was only the righteous who went with Mosiah to the land of Zarahemla. Shortly after this division, around 2200 B.C., the Lord led the Jaredites to this land of promise. Mosiah commissioned sixteen men, led by a Mulekite named Ammon, to go up to the land of Lehi-Nephi to inquire concerning their brethren. There they flourished until they were discovered by the Lamanites and wicked priests of King Noah. Behold, it came to pass that Mosiah discovered that the people of Zarahemla [Mulekites] came out from Jerusalem at the time that Zedekiah, king of Judah, was carried away captive into Babylon. In the words of Josephus, “After this manner … the kings of David’s race ended their lives, being in number twenty-one, until the last king.” (Josephus, trans. 23:34–24:17.). When they had gathered together near the temple built in Zarahemla, the Nephites and Mulekites offered burnt sacrifices according to the law of Moses and gave thanks to the Lord for bringing them out of the land of Jerusalem and appointing just men to teach them to keep the commandments of God. (Hel. 38:17–18.) Perhaps worst of all, he shed innocent blood until it “filled Jerusalem from one end to another.” (2 Kgs. After the people of Limhi emigrated to Zarahemla and joined the church established there, Mosiah translated these plates through the use of “interpreters,” or seer stones, divinely preserved and empowered for just such a purpose. In fact, Zarahemla, the city founded by the Mulekites, became to the Nephites what Salt Lake City is to Latter-day Saints today. 6:10 .) The city soon fell, and the Babylonian generals entered the gates. They kept traveling until they arrived at the land of the Jaredites and there found the twenty-four gold plates that Ether had left. Nebuchadnezzar came up again to Jerusalem, besieged it, and the of! Men had traveled northward, but after three years he rebelled and was killed between 279 B.C fell. Established the community called Helam for Zedekiah continued to listen to his empire settling south them! 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