10 Things That Make Them Cool Pets, 1to1 consultation with a fully qualified reptile vet. This may come in the form of medicine and high calcium feed in order to help pass the eggs or, in more extreme cases, surgery to remove them. Making sure your humidity levels aren’t too high and allowing the cage to dry out fully between mistings is the most effective way to prevent tail rot. If you feel you need to talk to a vet about anything listed here you can have a 1to1 consultation with a fully qualified reptile vet on our partner site, justanswer. In my chameleon’s case I couldn’t really do much to prevent it, he was just old and his time had come. Shedding problems are best prevented by making sure your husbandry, temperature, supplementation and misting routines are all correct. Clumsy climbing and falling may also be a sign. This is another chameleon with MBD, although the tongue is not affected on this one. As well as automatic misting you can mist by hand or by using a dripper system. Female chameleons will become visibly weak and stressed if her eggs are bound. This lack of drinking water is usually caused by the inadequate provision of drinking water inside the chameleon’s enclosure. The only way to treat a respiratory infection is to visit a vet where they will prescribe a course of antibiotics. Edema is points of swelling that occur on a chameleon’s head, neck or the area below their front legs. Chameleon Tail Rot What is chameleon tail rot? We kept her surrounded by warm blankets and soaked paper towels, She was able to pull her tongue into her mouth once she was better after our rehydration and medical treatment, We applied a temporary porous tape bandage to keep the tongue inside when we were not feeding her. Our community and zoologists will answer your questions, so your veiled chameleon will live a long and happy life. If the chameleon can still curl it in and out and move it normally and the tail is black it is likely this is just a bruise and will heal on its own. The most obvious sign of chameleon dehydration is in its urates, the white part of its poop. Veiled Chameleon Care Guide Table of Contents Ask an Expert Veiled chameleons are unique and beautiful pets. The swelling is caused by pockets of fluid building up in these areas and while it’s not entirely known why these build ups occur it is thought to be related to mineral imbalances, usually calcium, and too much vitamin supplementation. This is when a female chameleon is unable to lay all her eggs and as a result retains her eggs inside her body. Veiled chameleons do not drink from a water bowl, and need to be misted. Enclosures made entirely of glass, such as aquarium tanks, should be avoided even if they have a screen top. This article appeared in the July 1997 issue of Reptiles Magazine. Allowing the cage to dry out between mistings also prevents this. It’s a very painful disease that causes brittle bones and general weakness.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'chameleonschool_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_8',121,'0','0'])); The most common causes are lack of dietary calcium and improper lighting preventing the chameleon absorbing calcium into their system properly. The chameleon will not be able to grow the tail back. She was dehydrated, so we rehydrated her medically with fluid injections We were worried her tongue would dry out, so we dripped water on her on tongue. Tongue swelling through infection can be treated by the use of antibiotics prescribed by a vet. Also make sure your temperatures are not too hot because chameleons can still burn even without touching the bulb. A veiled chameleon needs the cross-ventilation provided by a wire mesh enclosure. Of course, an animal getting sick is nothing new but when a chameleon gets sick they are very good at hiding their symptoms. As you know, chameleons need their tail to balance on the tree. Underdosing happens more frequently so it’s better to make sure you’re giving enough instead of worrying about overdose. If you're a new or experienced owner, you can ask your questions on our Veiled Chameleon forum. You may have noticed a common thread running through this list about ways to prevent illness and that is correct husbandry. So as a tribute to him I thought I’d make this website to pass on to new chameleon keepers, those who have had a chameleon for some time and those who are thinking about getting one all the knowledge I learned over the years I looked after my own chameleon. I hope you find some useful information here.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'chameleonschool_com-banner-2','ezslot_2',139,'0','0']));report this ad. Providing proper humidity levels is critical to your pet chameleon’s health and wellbeing. The high humidity level will cause this so it’s important to maintain the humidity level at or around 50%. and her left back leg's toe is so swollen!! Ways to do this should be discussed with a vet. Chameleons have higher levels of it than other species and this is because of the unusual way they drink water. Bearded dragon tail rot is something that all owners need to be familiar with. 13. For an adult chameleon, the minimum size should be 4’ long x 3’ wide x 4’ high. This looks like Tail Rot. Egg binding is caused when a chameleon can’t lay her eggs due to incorrect husbandry conditions, poor nutrition, eggs being too large or improperly formed, dehydration or lack of an appropriate nesting site. Making sure you supplement with vitamin A once a week and by feeding insects with vitamin A-rich foods, like carrots and sweet potato. This species is still abundant in the wild and are considered invasive in Hawaii after individuals escaped homes of owners. Secondary gout can be prevented through good hydration methods and misting schedules already mentioned. But the tip of the tail seems like it dead. This is a mouth infection in chameleons also known as mouth rot.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'chameleonschool_com-leader-3','ezslot_10',126,'0','0'])); This is caused by bacterial infections getting into the jawline of a chameleon. Tongue: These lizards have a long tongue like most other breeds of chameleons, which they use to catch their prey like insects. Dehydration is a condition where chameleons are not drinking enough water to adequately hydrate themselves in order for their bodies to function normally. If it’s a result of mineral, vitamin and calcium deficiency then rebalance this with a proper supplementation schedule.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'chameleonschool_com-netboard-1','ezslot_19',129,'0','0'])); In the case of hyperextension then immediate attention is required. These things being incorrect are what cause the majority of chameleon illness in captivity so preventing these illnesses will prevent shedding problems. These include: I hope you found this list useful in identifying your chameleon’s current health problems or learning about how to spot future problems. So making sure your humidity levels are appropriate for the species of chameleon you have will go a long way to preventing them. The best way is prevention in the first place. Chameleons are more difficult to care for than most other pets. Chameleons, in general, don’t like to be handled. Whilst female veiled chameleons come up a little smaller, reaching only 10 to 13 inches in total (or 4 to 6 inches snout to base of tail). It may be falling off. More recently, this species has been introduced and has established small populations in areas such as the island of Maui in Hawaii. How much humidity do … Before we can correct the husbandry and nutritional problems that caused this, we need to stabilize these fractures. These problems such as white bumps and/or scaly dry patches of skin. The lights are only on right now because the video needs better lighting and merry Chrismas eve guys The important thing to repeat though is not to panic or be in a mad rush to get to the vet. Excessive shedding, poor shedding amount, difficulty shedding or not shedding at all. It has a spine curvature, along with fractures in all four legs. If you use paper towels as substrate change these regularly too. They will appear to be straining in attempts to lay them and will stop eating and drinking. The condition can quickly spread up the tail and lead to a systemic illness. So do plenty of research, have a look around this website for the information you need. This is an umbrella term to describe all problems a chameleon can get with their tongue. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'chameleonschool_com-leader-2','ezslot_7',124,'0','0'])); Swelling in any of the areas already mentioned. She was unable to eat or walk well. Rebalance vitamin A supplements and gut loading first. Chameleonschool.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Thermal burns are burns on a chameleon’s skin that can vary anywhere from mild to life threateningly severe. You can also give your chameleon a shower where you take the chameleon out of the cage, put them on a plant and place them in the shower. Symptoms include puffy, teary and crusted eyes, shedding problems like those indicated earlier, small lumps on the head and casque indicating a sinus infection, respiratory problems and inability to use the tongue properly. Properly supplemented locusts are a particularly recommended food source for preventing MBD. Lacerations as long as not too serious will heal on their own. This is a condition where the tail becomes infected, turns black and starts to rot away. Therefore it is important to pay as much attention to proper husbandry as possible. The female veiled chameleon is nothing longer than 35cm i.e. Symptoms of this are many. Please read more about how to do this in my article about chameleon egg laying here. Despite the horrifying look of this it’s important not to panic. This chameleon is seriously ill, and if we can get the bone problem solved we would think about spaying it to remove the eggs. It can also refer to excessive shedding beyond the usual frequency for juvenile and baby chameleons, poor shedding that comes off in flakes or inability to shed at all or properly.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'chameleonschool_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_16',131,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'chameleonschool_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_17',131,'0','1'])); The white bumps and scaly patches are usually caused by fungal and bacterial infections as a result of small punctures in the skin. In the case of large or eggs not being properly formed, there is not much that can be done to prevent this as it’s more a result of biology than husbandry conditions. It will be done with custom splints that will stay on at least one month. it's three times the normal size, and yesterday it was bleeding a bit, i think she might have a respitory problem, (the eyes buldging are a symptom) but i don't know for sure, she's tailess, i had to have it amputated because she had rot-tail dieses. How much humidity do pet chameleons need? Invasive species. In the case of fungal infections, a course of antibiotics from a vet will be required.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'chameleonschool_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_15',134,'0','0'])); Shedding problems can be treated by misting more frequently with warm water to help any skin that needs to come off. Handling Your Veiled Chameleon . When the tail rots, most likely what happens is they will lose half their tail. This may have even been as a result as a bad shed. The bones lack density, and do not show up well on this radiograph, further evidence of the severity of this chameleon’s MBD. As the name suggests, it is the actual rot or decay of this pet’s tail due to several causes that often result in infections and decomposition. This is where a chameleon’s kidneys stop working properly and fail to filter the chameleon’s blood and pass urates. Isambard spent a little over ten years in my care. They need a basking spot with a heat bulb that gives them a heat range of 72-80 degrees F. They should have exposure to direct sunlight, or else a full spectrum UVB (ultraviolet B) light. This is the radiograph of this chameleon, see if you can see the fractures on all 4 legs. Either poor supplementation routine and neglecting to dust insects with multiple vitamin and mineral supplements, or not gut loading insects with foods rich in vitamin A like carrots. Primary gout is caused by too much protein in a chameleon’s diet. It will also not be able to climb as well as it used to and may fall. The Answer Might Disappoint You, What Do Chameleons Do? The increased bone density of the front legs is apparent, The rear legs, pelvis, and tail show strong healthy bones. Providing proper humidity levels is critical to your pet chameleon’s health and wellbeing. This is what the bones should look like in a normal and healthy chameleon. Read More. They will also likely provide you information on what vitamins and minerals to increase supplementation, vitamin C is usually best for this. The male veiled chameleon is said to be about 43cm to 61cm that is about 17 to 24 inches long from its snout to the tip of its tail. Symptoms include a lump in front of its pelvis, inability to pass feces and urates, fluid under the skin it the jaw and/or neckline, unable to drink enough water or having no interest in drinking it despite a lot being offered, foul breath odor, white salt deposits inside the mouth and bloodshot eyes. The obvious symptoms of gout are swelling in the legs, ankles, feet and elbow joints. The best way to do this is by buying an automatic mister as you can set it, forget about it and know your chameleon is getting the water it needs every day. The veiled chameleon size. But caring for them can be complex and challenging. The veiled chameleon is one of the most popular pet reptiles … To try and correct this imbalance the chameleon’s body will draw calcium out from its bones and therefore causing the weak brittleness of them. Veterinary treatment should be sought right away upon discovery of a burn. most likely the will try to treat it, but if they cannot they may have to amputate the portion of tail in order that it does not spread. Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD) is the second most common disease found in captive chameleons. Compare it to the normal uromastyx below. In addition to the above diseases and their symptoms, there are some general signs chameleons exhibit that there might be some underlying problem that requires further investigation. In the case of shedding problems, this could be an indication of several underlying health problems such as dehydration or vitamin deficiency.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'chameleonschool_com-leader-4','ezslot_13',132,'0','0'])); White bumps and/or patches of dry and flaky skin. The veiled chameleon is the most common Chamaeleo species in the pet trade. Parasites can find their way into a chameleon through the ingestion of an infected insect or if your chameleon comes into contact with the feces of an infected animal.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'chameleonschool_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',123,'0','0'])); Symptoms a chameleon might have parasites are runny diarrhea, rancid smelling feces, weight loss, listlessness, and vomiting. Kidney failure is what sadly ended my chameleon’s life at the age of 10 so I’m all too familiar with them. The main symptom is the tail begins to turn black. If this white part is a yellow color it means more water needs to be provided. It can get a lot more difficult as they get older. They include excessive gaping of the mouth, forced exhalation, breathing problems in general, excessive mucus coming out of their mouth, mucus discharge from the nose, wheezing and popping sounds when breathing, general listlessness, loss of appetite, puffed up body and not basking. Make sure your husbandry is correct, ensure your chameleon has enough to drink and that it’s properly supplemented. This page talks about MBD in chameleons, although it is most common in the green Iguana. Same healthy chameleon in a different view. This site is owned and operated by Chameleonschool.com. It is easy to breed and prolific in its egg production. This isn’t only due to their unique care and husbandry requirements of certain lights, cage types, sizes and so on. Providing the correct conditions in order for a female chameleon to lay her eggs also goes a long way towards preventing egg binding. In captive chameleons, the best way to prevent it is to not allow them to eat insects caught in the wild and only buy those bred by live food breeders in a clean environment. Don’t direct water directly onto them but have the showerhead aimed at the wall so the water bounces onto them. The Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) Purchase and Captive Careby Petra Spiess. Tail rot is caused by bacterial infection often as a result of too much humidity and a prolonged damp environment. This is what we prefer to see, a normal veiled chameleon with an attitude! If the mouth rot doesn’t seem to be resolving on its own, use a cotton swab to apply betadine or diluted chlorhexidine to the affected area every day. Veiled chameleons do not drink from a water bowl, and need to be misted. The length of a tail depends mostly on the species and age of the Chameleon in question. This chameleon is an introduced species in Hawaii, where it is invasive in the local ecosystem. My female veild chameleon eyes have been buldging out alot latley. In general, though it can be prevented by, again, making sure your husbandry has the correct temperatures, misting schedule, feeding schedule and so on. If you get the husbandry right from the beginning you stand a great chance of giving your chameleon a long, healthy and happy life. At their largest size male veiled chameleons can reach between 18 to 24 inches in total length (around 12 inches from snout to base of their tail, not including the tail itself). $200.00 Juvenile Veiled Chameleon and cage for sale in Riverton, UT on KSL Classifieds. Veiled chameleons are highly susceptible to stress, and usually do not do well in captivity. If you suspect your chameleon has this an immediate trip to the vet is required. This guide aims to tell you all the ways a chameleon can get sick, what symptoms to look out for, and how you can both prevent and treat any sickness that may arise in your pet chameleon. Living that long is kinda rare for a chameleon, even in captivity. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'chameleonschool_com-leader-1','ezslot_3',122,'0','0'])); You also need to ensure your feeder insects are gut loaded with calcium rich food and that you supplement correctly with calcium at every feed. In addition to the tongue problem, she is filled with eggs and has fractures of her bones. Tail rot, also referred to as tail necrosis, is very common in pet lizards, but it can be devastating if the signs and symptoms are ignored. Improper humidity levels can cause tail rot, poor skin shedding, and digestion issues. What causes chameleon tail rot? The Yemen or Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) is native to Saudi Arabia and the Yemen, hence its common name. Therefore it is important to pay as much attention to proper husbandry as possible. If you suspect your chameleon has parasites the only way to treat them is to take them to a vet, have them do what’s called a fecal float exam where the chameleon feces is examined and deworming medication is prescribed accordingly. Veiled Chameleons: Among the types of chameleons, the veiled chameleon is the one most commonly recommended for the beginning chameleon owner as it is one that seems to adapt most readily to captive conditions. If you see the early symptoms just try prolonging your chameleon’s mistings to make sure it drinks. This female veiled chameleon came to us with a problem. Tail rot in crested geckos is a very serious condition, which causes the tail to literally rot away. MBD symptoms cannot be reversed but they can be prevented from progressing further with the correct treatment. These include a swollen tongue in the event of infection, not extending the tongue fully when eating, tongue lacerations if they catch it on something when eating and hyperextension where the chameleon is unable to draw back their tongue into their mouth. Generally speaking it is quite large as far as chameleons go getting to around 2 feet in length including the tail. Skin infections in chameleons usually result from too much humidity in an overly wet environment. The Yemen Chameleon is also know as the Veiled Chameleon due to the bump or casque on the backs of the lizards head. If things are at the serious stage like in the above picture then a visit to a reptile specialist vet will be required as soon as possible. 2. Other shedding problems require further investigation as to what might be the underlying cause of them and treating that illness accordingly. It’s really only a small chance as to whether it can be treated and often euthanasia is the most humane option. The full scientific name of this reptile is Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Iguania Acrodonta Chamaeleonidae.. Making sure your watering schedule and dusting with supplements is correct and choosing feeder insects with low phosphorous content for good overall organ health. It can also be caused by a poor shed and the skin beginning to tighten around the tail and reducing blood flow. The Chameleon Tail is prehensile and is very important for the chameleon. Most pet chameleons need humidity levels of about 50%. I strongly believe it’s largely due to the fact I had the right set up from the very beginning. 130 species are tree dwellers. While it’s possible for a chameleon to overdose on vitamin A it’s unlikely this will happen. View a wide selection of Reptiles and other great items on KSL Classifieds. It is caused by dehydration and vitamin A deficiency. They need a basking spot with a heat bulb that gives them a heat range of 72-80 degrees F. I’ve also included in this list certain conditions that don’t necessarily qualify as a sickness but are more disorders and dysfunctions that can lead to sickness down the road if not spotted in time. However, if you’re, understandably, not confident of dealing with this then get them to the vet. A thermal burn will show up as a white area before turning into a grey or black blister mark on the chameleon’s skin. As this is caused by a bacterial infection it’s difficult to prevent it occurring other than maintaining good husbandry conditions and keeping the enclosure clean. Eventually, the tail will fall off and the infection can spread into the body, which can cause damage to internal organs and eventually result in death. The easiest way to prevent MBD is by making sure you’re using the correct 5.0 UVB light bulb and that it’s changed every 9 months to a year. Symptoms include swelling around the gums, yellow pus in the soft areas of the mouth, black scab like bumps appearing on the gumline outside of the mouth, some black teeth,difficulty closing the mouth, difficulty feeding and refusing to eat. You should visit our Iguana page on MBD for much more information regarding cause and treatment of this terrible disease. Chameleons feel pain differently to us and won’t know they’re being burned until it’s too late. If this still doesn’t help consult a veterinarian. Veiled chams will turn darker colors when they are upset. Adult chameleons should be fed gut-loaded crickets (feeding the crickets collard greens, mustard greens, and squash), dusted with calcium and vitamin powder. This is because the older a veiled chameleon gets the more defensive it becomes. This is usually due to a poor routine of providing drinking water, a lack of understanding of how chameleons drink water or a poor method of drinking water. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment for gout. It’s a very common… C Care Guides. Instead place it on top of the cage and make sure it’s around 8 to 10 inches away from your chameleon and that they have no way of getting too close to it. Without proper training, you are just a potential danger from the chameleon… If this doesn’t happen and you notice the discoloration moving further up the tail this means the infection is beginning to spread and will, therefore, require antibiotic treatment from a vet or possibly amputation. Veiled chameleons are highly susceptible to stress, and usually do not do well in captivity. Hello, I'm new to this website but I have a veiled chameleon named Petri. These are tiny microscopic worms and other organisms that can get into the intestine of a chameleon. Most chameleons learn to eat without a tongue ok though. A chameleon will also hang their legs off the branch to prevent pressure on their joints. In general, it’s the same common thread that runs through the preventions in this list. The only way to do this is through medication provided by your vet and a rebalancing of dietary calcium and correct UVB light provision. Can you hold a chameleon? The surgery went well and she was healthy. Again this is largely prevented by proper husbandry, adequate water supply and a good supplement dusting schedule of vitamins, minerals, and calcium. Egg binding is a serious condition that needs veterinary treatment as soon as possible. As long as they’re still eating it’s nothing to worry about. Some chameleons, like mine, don’t extend their tongue fully as a result of learning it’s unnecessary to do so due to being hand fed too much when they were young.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'chameleonschool_com-narrow-sky-2','ezslot_18',128,'0','0'])); These include swelling of the tongue, chameleon not shooting the tongue as far as they did when they were younger, no longer feeding using their tongue or the tongue hanging out of the mouth. The Female veiled chameleon’s length is generally said to be shorter when compared to the male veiled chameleon. I’ll start off with the most common problem chameleons in captivity suffer with. That’s not to say it will prevent all illnesses, animals get sick it’s just a part of life, but incorrect husbandry is a big cause of illness in chameleons in captivity. Maybe this picture will help in your diagnosis, Her MBD problem is so severe that her tongue just hangs out. It tolerates a range of conditions and survives well in captivity. Tail: The long tail of the veiled chameleon helps them in movement, especially during climbing, and acts almost like their fifth foot.They can coil their tail and can even use them to grasp the branches of trees during climbing or moving. Tail rot is caused by bacterial infection often as a result of too much humidity and a prolonged damp environment. This is a condition where the tail becomes infected, turns black and starts to rot away. Some chameleon keepers swear by a mixture of Terramycin and Nature Zone Rot Guard for mouth rot. This is when your chameleon isn’t getting enough vitamin A either from its feeder insects or supplements. This is the case for many old chameleons. They will provide you with a topical antibacterial solution and advise you on how to apply it. Temperature and humidity levels are appropriate for the information you need to this! The bones should look like in a normal veiled chameleon gets sick are! 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Hydration methods and misting schedules already mentioned health issue for veiled chameleons are not hot! Help consult a veterinarian calyptratus ) Purchase and captive Careby Petra Spiess can occur in chameleons! Page talks about MBD in chameleons usually result from too much humidity and a prolonged damp environment thread... To repeat though is not to panic or be in a normal veiled ’... A-Rich foods, like carrots and sweet potato research, have a prehensile grabbing... Are tiny microscopic worms and other organisms that can vary anywhere from mild to life threateningly severe stressed. Help with any investigations you need to do this should enable your has! And beautiful pets ; Leachianus Gecko 101: care, Setup, Lifespan, Size & more is through provided! Them a heat range of conditions and survives well in captivity so preventing these illnesses will prevent shedding.... This will happen way to do this should be discussed with a heat range of conditions survives... Is to visit a vet where they will lose half their tail susceptible to,... Is filled with eggs and as a result retains her eggs inside her.. Outline of eggs showing underneath the skin, kidney dysfunction and failure what the bones look! Of chameleons, although the tongue problem, she is filled with eggs and has established small populations in such! Spine curvature, along with fractures in all four legs showing underneath skin! Drinking water inside the chameleon ’ s health and wellbeing for their bodies to function normally as as... Not be able to see the fractures on all 4 legs either from its insects! Other breeds of chameleons, although the tongue problem, she is filled with eggs and as a retains! For preventing MBD life threateningly severe by hand or by using a system. Where chameleons are unique and beautiful pets when a female chameleon to overdose on vitamin once! List should help with any investigations you need to do this should enable your is... Touching the bulb veiled chameleon tail rot care Guide Table of Contents Ask an Expert chameleons! Introduced and has established small populations in areas such as aquarium tanks, should be right! Them can be complex and challenging source for preventing MBD s important to pay as much attention to proper as! A systemic illness trip to the vet will lose half their tail chameleons of any.. Legs and head proper humidity levels can cause tail rot is caused by dehydration or, worse, kidney and... Further with the correct treatment when we show you one with MBD the! Metabolic Bone Disease ( MBD ) is the second most common Disease found in captive chameleons with fractures all. Content for good overall organ health adding new articles all the time thing to repeat though not! Sick they are upset of her bones to adequately hydrate themselves in order a. As well as automatic misting you can Ask your questions, so your veiled chameleon ( calyptratus... Maui in Hawaii after individuals escaped homes of owners so on of 72-80 degrees F. looks. Advanced and veterinary intervention is usually best for this is starting to become seriously dehydrated breed and prolific in urates... It becomes s blood and pass urates susceptible to stress, and issues. Tiny microscopic worms and other organisms that can vary anywhere from mild to life threateningly severe light veiled chameleon tail rot! Mbd ) is native to Saudi Arabia and the skin of Isambard my. S health and wellbeing treat a respiratory infection is to visit a.!

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